Pd(II), µg l-1 added Recovery, %
Tap water (Mansoura city) 0.0 -
5.00 98.6 ± 0.4
10.0 99.7 ± 0.3
Nile water (Talkha fertilizer plant) 0.0 -
5.0 99.5 ± 0.6
Nile water (Mansoura City) 10.0 98.8 ± 0.2
0.00 -
5.0 97.9 ± 0.1
Seawater (Ras El-Bar) 10.0 99.8 ± 0.5
0.00 -
5.00 99.6
Lake water (Manzala Lake) 10.0 98.9
0.00 -
*Relative standard deviation (RSD, %) < 3
Table 5: Determination of palladium in different water samples (n = 5).