Elements/ Isotopes Method Species Buffer Sample Separation conditions LOD Ref.
Se-78,80 octopole reaction cell-CE-ICP-MS Se(IV), Se(VI), selenocysteine (SeCys2), selenomethionine (SeMet) 20 mM NaH2PO4 + 10 mM Na2B4O7 + 0.2 mM cationic surfactant (CTAB) pH 8.6 rice seaweed -16 kV 0.1-0.9 µg L-1 [46]
As CE-ICP-MS As(III), As(V), monomethyl-arsonic acid (MMA), dimethylarsinic acid (DMA) 20 mM NaH2PO4 + 5 mM Na2B4O7, pH 6.5 shrimps clams 12 kV 0.03-0.043 µg L-1 [53]
As CE-ICP-SFMS As(III), As(V), MMA, DMA, arsenobetaine (AsB), arsenocholine (AsC) 16 mM H3BO3, pH 3 soil solution, soil water extracts 30 kV 5-12 ng L-1 [58,59]
As CE-ICP-MS As(III), As(VI), MMA, DMA, AsB, AsC 15 mM Tris + 15 mM sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), pH 9 fish, oyster hydrodynamic injection, separation at 22 kV 0.3-0.5 µg L-1 [54]
As CE-ICP-MS  / CE-ESI-TOF-MS As(III), As(V), AsB, DMA 25 mM borate buffer with 10% methanol, pH 9.2 fish 30 kV ICP-MS: 62-95 nmol L-1 ESI-TOF-MS: 0.1-1 µmol L-1 [52]
As CE-ICP-MS As(III), As(V), AsC, AsB, MMA DMA 20 mM borate buffer with 6% methanol, pH 9.2 fish 30 kV ICP-MS: 0.10-1.08 µg L-1 [60]
As CE-ICP-MS As (III), As (V), DMA, MMA, AsB, AsC, 3-NHPAA, 4-NPAA,o-ASA (o-arsanilic acid) and p-UPAA 12 mM NaH2PO4 + 8 mM H3BO3, pH 9.2 lobster, fish protein, plants 30 kV ICP-MS: 0.9-3.0 ng g-1 [61]

As-750, Se-82,
Sb-121, Te-126

CZE-ICP-MS AS(III), As(V), MMA, DMA/ Se(IV), Se(VI), SeCys2, SeMet, Sb(V), Te(IV), Te(VI) sodium chromate (0.5 mmol), sodium trimethyltetradecylammonium bromide (0.5 mmol), pH 11.2 soil -20 kV 6-58 µg L-1 [47]
P-31 CE-ICP-MS with collective sample introduction technique organo-phosporus pesticides: dimethoat, trichlorphon, glyphosate 150 mM Na2B4O7 + 50 mM H3BO3 + 20 mM SDS, pH 8.5 spiked, vegetable sample (cabbage) eletromigration injection, separation at 15 kV 0.05-0.07 mg L-1 [45]
P-31 CE-ICP-MS organo-phosporus pesticides (OPP): glyphosate, glufonisate, aminomethyl-phosphonic acid (AMPA) 40 mM NH4 acetate, pH 9 natural river water 20 kV 0.11-0.19 mg L-1 [44]
Hg CZE-ICP-MS Hg(II), MeHg, EtHg 50 mM H3BO3 + 12.5 mM Na2B4O7, pH 9.2 fish, natural water 18 kV 0.021-0.032 µg L-1 [50]
Hg CE-volatile species generation (VSG)-ICP-MS MeHg(I)Cys-, EtHg(I)Cys-, Hg(II)Cys2- 20 mM Na2B4O7, pH 9.3 certified biological reference material (DOLT-2) hydrodynamic injection, separation at 25 kV 1-30 µg L-1 [51]
Hg short column CE-ICP-MS Hg(II), MeHg 30 mM H3BO3 + 5% methanol, pH 8.6 spiked, river water hydrodynamic injection, separation at 21 kV 9.7-12 µg L-1 [48]
V-51, Fe-56 CE-bandpass reaction cell-ICP-MS VO2-EDTA3-, VO2-Fe-EDTA-, Fe-phen2+ 15 mM tris(hydroxymethyl) aminomethan (Tris)+ 0.5 mM EDTA or 0.5 mM o-phenatroline (phen), pH 8.75 waste water 22 kV V: 0.1-0.5 µg L-1; Fe: 1.2-1.7 µg L-1 [59]
Cr-52 CE-bandpass reaction cell-ICP-MS CrO42-, Ce-DTPA 10mM ammonium citrate + 0.5mM diethylentriamine pentaacetic acid (DTPA) + 0.01% polybrene waste water -22 kV 0.4-1.3 µg L-1 [59]
Pt-195 CE-ICP-MS PtCl62-, PtCl42-, Pt-HA 50 mM NaH2PO4 + 50 mM N2HPO4, pH 6 Pt treated soil, tunnel dust - - [41,42]
Cd-111,114, Cu-63,
Zn-64
LVSS-CE-ICP-QMS metallothioneine 70 mM Tris + 5% methanol, pH 7.4 eel hydrodynamic injection, separation at 20 kV 6-454 µg L-1 (Cd) [56]
Cd-111,114, CE–VSG–ICP–(Q)MS metallothioneine 70 mM Tris + 5% methanol, pH 7.4 rabbit hydrodynamic injection, separation at 20 kV 0.1-4.33 mg L-1 [57]
Pb CE-ICP-MS Pb(II), trimethyl lead (TML), triethyl lead (TEL) 15 mM Tris + 10 mM SDS + 0.2 mM EDTA, 2% methanol, pH 8.25 fish hydrodynamic injection, separation at 26 kV 0.2-0.6 µg L-1 [55]
Pb CE-ICP-MS Pb(II), trimethyl lead (TML), triethyl lead (TEL) 70 mmol/L H3BO3, 17.5 mmol/L Na2B4O7, 0.4 mmol/L CTAB, 2% methanol pH 8.85 clam oyster electromigration injection −12.5 kV 0.012-0.084 µg L-1 [62]