alexa An Investigation of Antibiotic Prescribing in Patients with Upper Respiratory Tract Infections (Urtis) at Katutura Health Centre, Windhoek, Namibia
ISSN: 2168-9431

Single Cell Biology
Open Access

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An Investigation of Antibiotic Prescribing in Patients with Upper Respiratory Tract Infections (Urtis) at Katutura Health Centre, Windhoek, Namibia

Mwape Kunda1, Lischen Haoses-Gorases2* and Marcus Goraseb3
1Masters of Public Health, Ministry of Health and Social Services, Namibia
2PhD in Nursing Science, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Namibia, Namibia
3MPH, MD School of Medicine, University of Namibia, Namibia
Corresponding Author : Lischen Haoses-Gorases
PhD in Nursing Science
Faculty of Health Sciences
University of Namibia
Tel: +264 61 206 3111
E-mail: [email protected] (or) [email protected]
Received August 22, 2015; Accepted October 17, 2015; Published October 19, 2015
Citation: Kunda M, Haoses-Gorases L, Goraseb M (2015) An Investigation of Antibiotic Prescribing in Patients with Upper Respiratory Tract Infections (Urtis) at Katutura Health Centre, Windhoek, Namibia. Single Cell Biol 4:122.doi:10.4172/2168-9431.1000122
Copyright: © 2015 Salvatore F, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

Upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) are of viral cause in 80% of cases and they constitute a major part of the primary health care practitioners’ workload with antibiotics commonly prescribed for these illnesses. The aim of this study was to explore antibiotic prescribing in patients with URTIs at Katutura Health Centre, Namibia. A descriptive, cross sectional, quantitative design based on patients’ prescriptions was used. Data were analyzed using Epi info statistical package version 7.1.1.14. The rate of antibiotic prescribing for patients with URTIs at Katutura Health Centre (KHC) was 78% (95% CI, 74%-82%). Further bivariate analyses of antibiotic prescribing (Response variable) and illness, age, gender and profession (exposure variables) showed that age and illness were significantly associated with antibiotic prescribing (p<0.05) while gender and profession rank were not. In conclusion, the Ministry of Health and Social Services need to develop or adopt international strategies have proven efficacy in reducing antibiotic prescribing in URTIs

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