Contribution of Surgical Procedures Including Insertions of Implants, Stents, and Pacemakers to Longevity
Girish J Kotwal*
Department of Medicine, UMass Medical School, Worcester, USA
- *Corresponding Author:
- Girish J Kotwal
Department of Medicine, UMass Medical School
Worcester, Kotwal Bioconsulting LLC and InFlaMed Inc
Nucleus Innovation Center, Louisville, KY, USA
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: December 21, 2016; Accepted Date: January 09, 2017; Published Date: January 12, 2017
Citation: Kotwal GJ (2017) Contribution of Surgical Procedures Including Insertions of Implants, Stents, and Pacemakers to Longevity. J Gerontol Geriatr Res 6:390. doi:10.4172/2167-7182.1000390
Copyright: © 2017 Kotwal GJ. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Several factors enhance longevity. Surgical procedures have been carried out increasingly each year for the past two hundred years since Lister experimented with developing sterile techniques to perform them. Today surgeries are performed in outpatient clinics and in hospitals requiring stays ranging from few hours to overnight stay and at times several days stay.