alexa Dynamic Modelling of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells for Electric Vehicle Applications
ISSN:2157-7463

Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology
Open Access

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Research Article

Dynamic Modelling of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells for Electric Vehicle Applications

Abd El Monem AA1*, Ahmed M Azmy2 and Mahmoud SA3
1Electric Senior Engineer, Khalda Petroleum Company, Egypt
2Head of Electric Power and Machines Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Tanta University, Egypt
3Electrical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Menoufiya University, Shebin El-Kom, Egypt
Corresponding Author : Abd El Monem AA
Electric Senior Engineer
Khalda Petroleum Company, Egypt
Tel: 20 2-2706-3230
E-mail: [email protected]
Received February 06, 2014; Accepted April 17, 2014; Published April 25, 2014
Citation: Abd El Monem AA, Azmy AM, Mahmoud SA (2014) Dynamic Modelling of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells for Electric Vehicle Applications. J Pet Environ Biotechnol 5:169. doi:10.4172/2157-7463.1000169
Copyright: © 2014 Abd El Monem AA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
 

Abstract

This paper presents a simplified mathematical model for proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) systems. The system performance is validated through a comparison with experimental datasheet results of a commercial PEMFC stack. The model is then used to study the transient response of a PEMFC when subjected to different load variations. A PI controller is designed to control the fuel cell output voltage during different transient conditions. The results ensure that the model provides an accurate representation of the dynamic and steady state behaviour of the fuel cell. In addition, the results show the fast response capabilities of the PEMFC for following changes in the load. This model will be useful for the optimal design and real-time control of PEMFC systems especially for electric vehicles applications.

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