alexa Effects of Irrigations with Treated Municipal Wastewate
ISSN: 2157-7110

Journal of Food Processing & Technology
Open Access

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Research Article

Effects of Irrigations with Treated Municipal Wastewater on Phenological Parameters of Tetraploid Cenchrus ciliaris L.

Ben Said Ines1*, Adele Muscolo2, Mezghani Imed1 and Chaieb Mohamed1
1University of Sfax, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences of Sfax, 3000, Sfax, Tunisia
2Department of Agriculture, Mediterranea University, Feo di Vito, 89124 Reggio Calabria, Italy
Corresponding Author : Ben Said Ines
Department of biology, Faculty of Sciences of Sfax, 3000 Sfax, Tunisia
Tel: 216-99-77-15-30
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: December 07, 2015; Accepted: January 04, 2016; Published: January 12, 2016
Citation: Ines BS, Muscolo A, Imed M, Mohamed C (2016) Effects of Irrigations with Treated Municipal Wastewater on Phenological Parameters of Tetraploid Cenchrus ciliaris L. J Food Process Technol 7:553. doi:10.4172/2157-7110.1000553
Copyright: © 2016 Ines BS, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


This study was conducted to investigate the use of treated municipal wastewater (TWW) in agriculture. Experiments have been carried out from July 2013 to July 2014, irrigating Cenchrus ciliaris with TWW or tap water (TW). The study, conducted under greenhouse conditions, compared the effect of TWW with the water normally used in irrigation, on the growth, phenological and phytomass production of C. ciliaris a species with high pastoral value. Firstly, our results evidenced that all the chemical parameters of TWW fell in the range of values permitted by Tunisian regulation except chloride. Additionally, TWW increased plant growth during the growth cycle, producing taller plant with respect to TW. All plants irrigated with TWW showed a better performance than plants irrigated with TW only. Similarly, TWW irrigations had positive impacts on flowering parameters during the reproductive cycle. Therefore, treated wastewater can be used as an alternative water resource in irrigation of annual fodder species, with the dual purpose of preserving fresh water and of increasing soil fertility as well as crop productivity.


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