Elemental Sulphur Toxicosis in Cattle and Sheep in Botswana
|MG Binta1*, Baipoledi EK1, Nyange JC1 and Mushi EZ2|
|1National Veterinary Laboratory, Gaborone, Botswana|
|2Botswana College of Agriculture, Gaborone, Botswana|
|Corresponding Author :||MG Binta
National Veterinary Laboratory
Private Bag 0035, Gaborone, Botswana
E-mail: [email protected]
|Received September 27, 2012; Accepted November 01, 2012; Published November 05, 2012|
|Citation:Binta MG, Baipoledi EK, Nyange JC, Mushi EZ (2012) Elemental Sulphur Toxicosis in Cattle and Sheep in Botswana. J Phylogenetics Evol Biol 3:130. doi:10.4172/2157-7463.1000130|
|Copyright: © 2012 Binta MG, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.|
Acute deaths involving 141 Tswana breed of cattle and 15 Black Head breed of sheep were reported within 2 to
48 hours of drinking water at Mahibitswana crush, Shoshong village in Mahalapye district, Botswana. The water was
from an open well at the crush, the latter being a designated communal livestock collection area used for watering,
inspection, treatment and vaccination of livestock by Veterinary services personnel. At the time of the ambulatory
visit, 7 sheep and 41 cattle belonging to this crush were reported dead. Donkeys and goats watered from the same
source were not affected. The signs were acute and included hind limb weakness with subsequent recumbency,
severe dyspnoea, tachycardia, a thready pulse and mud colored mucus membranes. The latter were injected in
some animals. Slight frothing at the mouth was evident. The menace reflex to check for visual acuity was blunted.
Parenteral administration of Vitamin B complex (Virbac) using the intramuscular route of inoculation in addition to
dexa-tomanol and long acting terramycin, resulted in amelioration of the clinical signs. Recovery was uneventful and
relapses were not reported.
This is the first published report of suspected elemental sulphur poisoning among ruminants in Botswana.