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ISSN: 2378-5756

Journal of Psychiatry
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Case Report

Family Support and Adherence to Treatment in Patients Diagnosed with Schizophrenia in Tabasco, Mexico: A Case- Series Study

Homero Daniel Hernandez-Yánez1, Jorge E Reyes-Tovilla1, Isela E Juárez-Rojop1, Thelma Beatriz González-Castro2, Mario Villar-Soto3, María Lilia López-Narváez4, Humberto Nicolini5, Alma Genis5 and Carlos Alfonso Tovilla-Zárate6*

1University Juarez Autonoma de Tabasco, Academic Division of Health Sciences, Villahermosa, Tabasco, Mexico

2University Juarez Autonoma de Tabasco, Multidisciplinary Academic Division of Jalpa de Mendez, Cunduacán, Tabasco, Mexico

3Department of Psychiatry, High Specialty Hospital Gustavo A. Rovirosa Pérez, Ministry of Health, Villahermosa, Tabasco, Mexico

4Yajalón General Hospital, Ministry of Health, Yajalón, Chiapas, Mexico

5National Instituto of Genomic Medicine (INMEGEN), Psychiatric Care Services (SAP), Ministry of Health, Mexico City, Mexico

6Universidad Juarez Autonoma de Tabasco, Comalcalco Multidisciplinary Academic Division, Comalcalco, Tabasco, Mexico

*Corresponding Author:
Carlos Alfonso Tovilla Zárate
Universidad Juárez Autónoma de Tabasco
División Académica Multidisciplinaria de Comalcalco
Ranchería Sur, Cuarta Sección, C.P. 86650
Comalcalco, Tabasco, México
Tel: 52 9933581500
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: April 07, 2015; Accepted Date: May 31, 2015; Published Date: June 07, 2015

Citation: Hernandez-Yánez HD, Reyes-Tovilla JE, Juárez-Rojop IE, González- Castro TB, Villar-Soto M, et al. (2015) Family Support and Adherence to Treatment in Patients Diagnosed with Schizophrenia in Tabasco, Mexico: A Case- Series Study. J Psychiatry 18: 304 doi: 10.4172/2378-5756.1000304

Copyright: © 2015 Hernandez-Yánez HD, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited

Abstract

Schizophrenia is a severe mental illness that affects adults, especially between 15 to 35 years of age. Patients with schizophrenia have difficulty looking after themselves, completing their studies, holding a job, or being part of their community. In Mexico, there are mental health programs that provide help and assistance to people with mental health problems, but given the country’s current socioeconomic instability, a shortage of medication exists, as well as a deficit in trained personnel and mental health professionals, plus a lack of a public education program to prevent discrimination against people with mental disorders. Unfortunately, the exact number of people suffering from schizophrenia in developing countries (including Mexico) is unknown, since there are no recent censuses in mental health. Literature about schizophrenia mentions genetic predisposition and environmental factors. In this article, we showed 4 patients with schizophrenia who were treated at the Regional Hospital of High Specialty in Mental Health (Hospital Regional de Alta Especialidad en Salud Mental, HRAESM, in Spanish). Our main objective was the identification of symptoms in our patients and to compare the medication and side effects due to treatment in these patients. Substance abuse, dysfunctional family and family history of mental illness were characteristics associated with our patients, as well as side effects. However, the implementation of more studies is necessary to understand the risk factors associated with schizophrenia in our population.

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