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ISSN: 2157-7110

Journal of Food Processing & Technology
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Review Article

Food Processing Industry in India: S&T Capability, Skills and Employment Opportunities

Mohammad Rais1*, Shatroopa Acharya2 and Neeraj Sharma3

1Senior Principal Scientist, CSIR-National Institute of Science, Technology & Development Studies (NISTADS), Pusa Gate, K.S. Krishnan Marg, New Delhi-110012, India

2Project Fellow, CSIR-National Institute of Science, Technology & Development Studies (NISTADS), Pusa Gate, K.S. Krishnan Marg, New Delhi-110012, India

3Agriculture economist, Dwarka, New Delhi-110077, India

*Corresponding Author:
Mohammad Rais
Senior Principal Scientist
CSIR-National Institute of Science
Technology & Development Studies (NISTADS)
Pusa Gate, K.S. Krishnan Marg
New Delhi-110012, India
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: July 12, 2013; Accepted date: September 03, 2013; Published date: September 10, 2013

Citation: Rais M, Acharya S, Sharma N (2013) Food Processing Industry in India: S&T Capability, Skills and Employment Opportunities. J Food Process Technol 4:260. doi:10.4172/2157-7110.1000260

Copyright: © 2013 Rais M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


This paper provides a detailed analysis of food processing industry in India, its S&T capability, skills and employment opportunities. Food processing industry is slowly and steadily becoming one of the major industries of our economy. Its share in GDP is on continuous rise, with a CAGR of 8.40%, from 2005-06 to 2009-10. There has been a continuous increase in the total plan outlay amount from INR 650 crore in 10th plan; to INR 15077 crore in proposed outlay for 12th plan. The sector is growing, but it is yet to compete in the world market. India’s share in world export is meagre with 1.17%. There is a wide gap between productivity and processing of items. The factors which have been used to study food processing industry are S&T capability of sector, its employment generation capacity and skills needed in the sector. The S&T capability segment venture into the changing trend of technology, difference between conventional and modern technology, the areas in which India is lagging behind. The employment generation capacity highlights growth and size of the industry and skills about the kind of human resources involved in the industry, the level of technology used in the sector. The employment generation capacity of the sector is huge, but the industry is not working at its potential. The labor force is highly unskilled, with 80% of them having educational level below 10th standard. The impact of a variety of policies and programmes undertaken by government to develop food processing sector has not been very encouraging. The state needs to strengthen its efforts in S&T capability, infrastructure support and skill set in order to develop food processing industry.

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