GIS-Based Prediction of Metro-Line Impact on Accessibility in Public Transport by Modelling Travel Time: A Case Study of North-Western Zone of Algiers, Algeria
Malika Bilek* and Louisa Amireche
Faculty of Earth Science, Department of Geography and Territorial Planning, Geographical and Territorial Planning, Houari Boumediene University of Sciences and Technology, El Alia, Bab Ezzouar, Algiers, Algeria
- *Corresponding Author:
- Malika Bilek
Faculty of Earth Science, Department of Geography
and Territorial Planning, Geographical and Territorial Planning
Houari Boumediene University of Sciences and Technology
El Alia, Bab Ezzouar, Algiers, Algeria
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: April 05, 2017 Accepted Date: April 20, 2017 Published Date: April 24, 2017
Citation: Bilek M, Amireche L (2017) GIS-Based Prediction of Metro-Line Impact on Accessibility in Public Transport by Modelling Travel Time: A Case Study of North-Western Zone of Algiers, Algeria. J Remote Sensing & GIS 6: 195. doi: 10.4172/2469-4134.1000195
Copyright: © 2017 Bilek M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
In the context of the modernization of Algiers capital, the transport-sector efficiency is one of the actions undertaken to ensure its development. Among the projected means, the metro which enables a better accessibility. Indeed, the objective is to study the impact of the planned metro-line on the accessibility towards the major urban projects recently built in the north-western part of Algiers that has the mostly suffered by the isolation. This study was carried out using GIS and the cumulative opportunity indicator which is focused on travel-time calculation. The measurement of the access quality of the inhabitants to three major urban-projects (destinations) has done according to defined time-thresholds, including all the travel-components of public-transport. Two possible scenarios of different public-transport network were taken in consideration to demonstrate the accessibility changes. The results revealed the positive impact of the planned metro-line in reducing the unequal accessibility to various urban projects, notably the Al-Qods commerce and business centre and medical school, where the population benefiting of an access of less than 30 mins, will increase, respectively, from 30% to 44% and from 12.5% to 30%. However, the Algiers Opera is the least accessible destination, excluding the zones crossed by the metro-line, where only 8.4% of the population who will have access to this equipment at less than 30 mins.