alexa Health Services Researcher Pathway For Registered Nurses: An Integrative Literature Review
ISSN: 2375-4273

Health Care : Current Reviews
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Review Article

Health Services Researcher Pathway For Registered Nurses: An Integrative Literature Review

Mallidou AA1*, Converse M2, Randhawa GK3, Atherton P4, MacPhee M5, Bryant L-A6, Redekopp M7, Mickelson G8, Borycki E9, Young L10, Hamilton S11 and Frisch N12

1Assistant Professor (limited term), School of Nursing, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada

2PhD (c), School of Nursing, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada

3MSc student, School of Health Information Science, University of Victoria, (at the time of initiating this project) and Program Coordinator, Regional Support Program, Island Health Authority, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada

4InspireNet Manager, School of Nursing, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada

5Associate Professor, School of Nursing, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

6Reference Librarian, Woodward Library, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

7Director, Professional Practice, Nursing & Allied Health, Richmond HSDA, Vancouver Coastal Health Authority, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

8Corporate Director, Academic Development, Provincial Health Services Authority, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

9Associate Professor, School of Health Information Science, University of Victoria

10Professor, School of Nursing, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada

11Chief Nursing Officer, Government Liaison & Patient-Focused Funding, Provincial Health Services Authority, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

12Director and Professor, School of Nursing, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada

Corresponding Author:
Anastasia A. Mallidou
Assistant Professor, B222 – HSD Building
School of Nursing, University of Victoria
Victoria, BC, V8P 5C2, Canada
Tel: +1 250 472 5663
Fax: +1 250 721 6231
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: November 25, 2013; Accepted date: January 01, 2014; Published date: January 03, 2014

Citation: Mallidou AA, Converse M, Randhawa GK, Atherton P, MacPhee M, et al. (2014) Health Services Researcher Pathway for Registered Nurses: An Integrative Literature Review. Health Care Current Reviews 2:114. doi:10.4172/hccr.1000114

Copyright: © 2014 Mallidou AA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Background: Research competencies across nurses’ career stages have not been adequately explored. Yet, research skills to appraise, synthesize, and implement research findings are required for evidence-based practice. Purpose: To explore the literature on registered nurse research competencies; to identify core competencies (i.e., knowledge, skills, and attitudes), research capacity-building activities, strategies and recommendations to strengthen nurses’ research capacity; and to propose a conceptual developmental framework of nurse research competencies. Methods: As part of a larger project titled “Health Services Researcher Pathway”, with the consultation of a health sciences librarian, we conducted an integrative literature review drawing on relevant publications. The PubMed (Medline), CINAHL, Web of Science and ProQuest Dissertations and Theses databases were searched from 2000 to 2012. From the revealed publications (n=1012), only 22 articles were relevant to nurse research competencies. Findings: The key themes cited in the literature reviewed include models and partnerships for building and developing competencies for research production (rather than utilization), and educational strategies and recommendations for interventions to provide confidence in evidence-based practice including research utilization and in clinical decision-making. According to the five-step evidence-based practice model (i.e., formation of answerable research questions, literature search and retrieval of the best available evidence, critical appraisal of the evidence, application of research findings into practice, and evaluation of performance based on the outcomes), we propose a framework for a nurse researcher pathway that may contribute to two research competency streams: for research users and research producers. The important area of research users is open for further research, since scarce literature exists. Conclusions: The proposed conceptual developmental framework for a nurse researcher pathway includes essential steps toward evidence-based practice in healthcare that have implications at the micro-level (nurse), meso-level (organization), and macro-level (society). Our work continues to pilot and refine a nurse researcher pathway and its associated competencies.

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