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ISSN: 2329-6887

Journal of Pharmacovigilance
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Research Article

Implementation of Self Reporting Pharmacovigilance in Anti Tubercular Therapy Using Knowledge Based Approach

Sainul Abideen P1*, Chandrasekaran K2 , Uma Maheswaran2 , Vijayakumar A2 , Kalaiselvan V3 , Pradeep Mishra4 , Moza Al Hail5 , Abdul Rouf5 and Binny Thomas5
1Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Narayana Hrudayalaya Hospital, Jaipur, Rajastan, India
2Department of Pharmacy Practice, KMCH College of Pharmacy, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
3Indian Pharmacopoeia Commission, Sector 23, Raj Nagar, Ghaziabad, UP, India
4PMS Arts & Communications, New Delhi, India
5Hamad Medical Corporation, Qatar
Corresponding Author : Sainul Abideen P
Department of Clinical Pharmacology
Narayana Hrudayalaya Hospital
Jaipur, Rajastan, India
Tel: +919982510140
E-mail: [email protected]
Received December 10, 2012; Accepted December 27, 2012; Published December 29, 2012
Citation: Abideen PS, Chandrasekaran K, Uma Maheswaran, Vijayakumar A, Kalaiselvan V, et al. (2013) Implementation of Self Reporting Pharmacovigilance in Anti Tubercular Therapy Using Knowledge Based Approach. J Pharmacovigilance 1:101. doi: 10.4172/2329-6887.1000101
Copyright: © 2013 Abideen PS, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

Tuberculosis (TB) hampered with poor patient compliance and intolerance at least partially due to adverse drug reactions (ADRs). A prospective observational and interventional healthcare teamwork study was carried out to implement a self-reporting pharmacovigilance system in TB patients through a knowledge based approach in the Pulmonology department of Kovai Medical Center and Hospital (KMCH) at Coimbatore. A patient information pamphlet which was endorsed by the pulmonology associates was the core tool for this study. A well practiced and skilled clinical pharmacist educated the patients and enabled them to report the ADRs due to anti tubercular drugs through the emergency number given in the pamphlet. Totally 110 patients enrolled in the study. 43 (39%) patients experienced 74 numbers of ADRs during the intensive phase therapy. Out of 110 patients, 101 were adhered to the intensive phase therapy. Of the 74 ADRs experienced to our study population, 24 ADRs were occurred in 18 patients which are needed to be self reported by the patient according to the study protocol. Among 24 ADRs which have to be self reported, 20 (83.33%) ADRs were reported through 17 calls by 16 patients. The self-reporting pharmacovigilance for anti-tubercular therapy in pulmonology department of KMCH, Coimbatore, were implemented and was certified by the pulmonology associates. Our study concludes that if a proper educational system is implemented, most of the patients were ready to report their ADR of any drug and thereby we can improve both patient adherence and reducing the severity of ADRs. It is suggested that the pharmacists should exhibit their vital role during TB therapy in TB centres, pulmonology departments and DOTS centres to guarantee a better patient care.

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