Introduction to Establish the Comparative Analysis of 16S rRNA Gene Sequences with amoA and nxrA for Nitrifying Bacteria Isolated from East Kolkata Wetland: an International Ramsar Site
- *Corresponding Author:
- Mousumi Saha
Department of Biotechnology
Tel: +91 9830736189
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: April 14, 2014; Accepted Date: September 23, 2014; Published Date: October 03, 2014
Citation: Saha M, Sarkar A, Bandhophadhyay B (2014) Introduction to Establish the Comparative Analysis of 16S rRNA Gene Sequences with amoA and nxrA for Nitrifying Bacteria Isolated from East Kolkata Wetland: an International Ramsar Site. J Aquac Res Development 5:270 doi:10.4172/2155-9546.1000270
Copyright:2014 Saha M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The nitrogen cycle is most complex and very important for the life on earth. Nitrifying bacteria which carried out nitrogen cycling process play a vital role in water quality control, thus creating a genomic fingerprint database for surveillance and monitoring of genetic variability of nitrifying bacteria is very important and also to establish a Biosecurity protocol for the Bheries located in different areas of West Bengal. The currently evolutionary relationships and the natural diversity of Ammonia Oxidizing Bacteria (AOB) and Nitrite Oxidizing Bacteria (NOB) is mainly based on comparative sequence analyses of their genes encoding the 16S rRNA and the active site polypeptide of the ammonia monooxygenase (AmoA) and Nitrite oxidoreductase (NxrA) in the East Kolkata Wetland. This study extended significantly the 16S rRNA and amoA databases for AOB, nxrA databases for NOB. Therefore, either of the functional markers (amoA or nxrA) can be used to trace ammonia oxidizers or structural marker (16S rDNA) can be used to trace specific species in environmental studies. These techniques included the use of 16S rDNA genes to characterize natural AOB and NOB populations and to analyze their taxonomic and phylogenetic features. The current perception of AOB and NOB phylogeny established by comparative 16S rRNA sequence analysis could be confirmed independently by exploiting the gene amoA and nxrA genes and proved as an alternative phylogenetic marker. The aim of our work is to investigate the potential of the ammonia monooxygenase subunit A gene (amoA) and Nitrite oxidoreductase (nxrA) gene as functional markers for AOBs and NOBs along with 16S rDNA sequence analysis in EKW. For ecological surveillance, genes like amoA and nxrA specific for the nitrifying bacteria under present research work could be a more reliable tool.