alexa Molecular Detection of Bacterial and Viral Pathogens–Where Do We Go From Here?
ISSN: 2327-5073

Clinical Microbiology: Open Access
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Review Article

Molecular Detection of Bacterial and Viral Pathogens–Where Do We Go From Here?

Christopher B. Stone and James B. Mahony*

Regional Virology Laboratory, St. Joseph’s Healthcare, Canada

*Corresponding Author:
James Mahony
Regional Virology Laboratory, St. Joseph’s Healthcare
50 Charlton Avenue East, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8N4A6, USA
Tel: 905-521-6021
Fax: 905-521-6083
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: June 30, 2014; Accepted date: October 29, 2014; Published date: October 31, 2014

Citation: Stone CB, Mahony JB (2014) Molecular Detection of Bacterial and Viral Pathogens–Where Do We Go From Here?. Clin Microbiol 3:175. doi: 10.4172/2327-5073.1000175

Copyright: © 2014 Mahony J, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Nucleic acid amplification tests (NATs) are rapidly becoming the cornerstone of clinical virology laboratories around the world. While polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification has served laboratories well since the 1990s, providing sensitive and specific tests to detect clinically important viruses, PCR tests have significant disadvantages as they are cumbersome, labor intensive, and relatively slow compared with newer isothermal amplification methods. Commercially available multiplex PCR tests have recently become popular and are being implemented in many laboratories. Following the introduction of the first isothermal amplification formats of the 1990s, newer isothermal methods have been developed including loop-mediated amplification (LAMP) or recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA), which can yield results in as little as 10 to 20 minutes. Specimen preparation has now fallen behind advances in amplification technology with specimen preparation now taking longer than these newer isothermal amplification methods. Coupled with advances in amplicon detection employing microfluidics, biosensors and nanotechnology, these new isothermal amplification methods provide unique opportunities for the development of new laboratory-based tests and inexpensive, one-time use, point-of-care (POC) diagnostics.

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