alexa Opposition to Vaccination and Immunisation the UK Exper
ISSN: 2157-7560

Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination
Open Access

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Review Article

Opposition to Vaccination and Immunisation the UK Experience - from Smallpox to MMR

David Baxter*

Clinical Epidemiology and Public Health Unit, School of Translational Medicine, Manchester University Medical School, Manchester, UK

*Corresponding Author:
David Baxter
Clinical Epidemiology and Public Health Unit
School of Translational Medicine
Manchester University Medical School, Manchester, UK
Tel: 44 161 306 0460
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: August 06, 2014; Accepted Date: August 18, 2014; Published Date: September 25, 2014

Citation: Baxter D (2014) Opposition to Vaccination and Immunisation the UK Experience - from Smallpox to MMR. J Vaccines Vaccin 5:254. doi: 10.4172/2157-7560.1000254

Copyright: © 2014 Baxter D, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



Immunisation is a key public health intervention with protection from direct and/or indirect (herd) immunity: this is directly related to vaccine uptake rates, and anything therefore that interferes with uptake, including opposition to vaccination by individuals, has potentially serious consequences for the control of specific vaccine preventable infections (VPIs). The UK has a history of opposition by minority groups to smallpox, whooping cough and measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccination, which this paper will review, as it is believed that an understanding of their causes has implications for any VPI disease control through current and future universal immunisation programmes.


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