Oral And Facial Manifestations Of Patients With Multiple Sclerosis
- *Corresponding Author:
- Mohammad Hosein Kalantar Motamedi
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Azad University of Medical Sciences
Dental branch, Giti 16, Tehran, 19667 Iran
Tel: 0098 21 22616946, 0098 912 1937154
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: December 16, 2013; Accepted date: January 10, 2014; Published date: January 12, 2014
Citation: Lassemi E, Sahraian MA, Motamedi MHK, Valayi N, Moradi N, et al. (2014) Oral and Facial Manifestations of Patients with Multiple Sclerosis. Dentistry 4:194.doi:10.4172/2161-1122.1000194
Copyright: © 2014 Lassemi E. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Aim: With regard to the prevalence of Multiple Sclerosis and the importance of early diagnosis, we aimed to assess the prevalence of oral and facial manifestations in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS).
Material and Methods: This cross-sectional study assessed 400 MS patients for oral and facial manifestations. Trigeminal neuralgia, dysarthria, dysphagia, TMD, facial palsy and visual symptoms were documented. Occurrence of each manifestation was determined, its confidence interval was evaluated within a probability of 95%, and the role of the related factors in this prevalence was analyzed with the Chi-square test.
Results: This study of 400 patients with MS revealed that 89.2% demonstrated oral and facial symptoms. The most frequent manifestations were visual symptoms (79.5%), dysarthria (44.3%), dysphagia (21%), facial palsy (15.3%), temporomandibular disorder (14.3%) and trigeminal neuralgia (13.3%). The related factors (individual and familial) showed no significant relation to the incidence of these manifestations.
Conclusion: This study revealed a high prevalence of oral and facial manifestations in MS patients and therefore the dentist may be the first to diagnose this.