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ISSN: 2329-891X

Journal of Tropical Diseases & Public Health
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Review Article

Oral Manifestations of HIV

Rachana V Prabhu1*, Vishnudas Prabhu2, Laxmikanth Chatra1 and Prashant Shenai1

1Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Yenepoya Dental College, Yenepoya University, Mangalore, India

2Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Yenepoya Dental College, Yenepoya University, Mangalore, India

*Corresponding Author:
Rachana V Prabhu
Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology
Yenepoya Dental College, Yenepoya University
Mangalore, India
Tel: +91 8147020203
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: July 12, 2013; Accepted Date: July 24, 2013; Published Date: July 26, 2013

Citation: Prabhu RV, Prabhu V, Chatra L, Shenai P (2013) Oral Manifestations of HIV. J Trop Dis 1:111. doi: 10.4172/2329-891X.1000111

Copyright: © 2013 Prabhu RV, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Oral manifestations of HIV are common and have been important in identification of patients harboring the HIV virus and in predicting the decline in their immune system. Careful history taking and detailed examination of the patient’s oral cavity are important parts of the physical examination. Early recognition, diagnosis, and treatment of HIV-associated oral lesions may reduce morbidity. Orofacial manifestations are among the earliest and most common clinical signs of pediatric HIV disease too. Early diagnosis of perinatally exposed infants and children is especially important because the inter¬vals between infection, development of AIDS, and death are compressed in pediatric patients. Early diagnosis allows prompt institu¬tion of both multi-drug therapy, which appears to be most effective when instituted early, and prophylactic therapy to fore¬stall life-threatening opportunistic infections. The present paper discusses in detail the oral manifestations of HIV and their diagnostic criteria in adults as well as in pediatric patients.

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