Recent Research Findings Related to Management Strategies of Begomoviruses
- *Corresponding Author:
- Snehi SK
Department of Microbiology
Bhopal-462026, M.P., India
Tel: 0755 251 7100
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: December 24, 2014 Accepted date: June 25, 2015 Published date: June 29, 2015
Citation: Snehi SK, Raj SK, Prasad V, Singh V (2015) Recent Research Findings Related to Management Strategies of Begomoviruses. J Plant Pathol Microb 6:273. doi:10.4172/2157-7471.1000273
Copyright: © 2015 Snehi SK, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Begomoviruses (family Geminiviridae) cause a number of serious diseases of cultivated crops and they are considered as the major constrains for cultivation of several crops all over the world. Presently human activity and modern day agriculture are one of the key factors in the emergence of begomoviruses in various parts of the world. The available disease management options include the organisation of agricultural practice to reduce disease, the use of cultural control such as sanitation programmes, the control of the vector population through the use of insecticides, and the breeding and growing of resistant crop cultivars. Transgenic resistance against begomoviruses has shown limited success despite the use of a number of strategies. Ability of begomoviruses to evolve rapidly by recombination and mutations is the major limitation to all these strategies. In modern-day biotechnology, focus is required on engineering begomovirus resistance through transgenic approach. Expression of various full length or truncated or defective proteins of the virus has been effective in achieving pathogen-derived resistance. Antisense RNA and RNAi technology have also been used with some success. This review focus on both conventional and nonconventional management strategies methods have been suggested and described over the years for management of begomoviruses diseases in economically important plants.