Research of Iodine Nutrition Levels in Akto County, Xinjiang, China from 2009 to 2014
Wang Cheng, Wen Juan*, Wang Zhong, Meng Wei-Wei, Xia Rong-Xiang and Guzanur Bahetyyar
The Center for Disease Control and Prevention of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Urumqi, Xinjiang, China
- *Corresponding Author:
- Wen Juan
The Center for Disease Control and Prevention of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region
Urumqi, Xinjiang 830002
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: April 02, 2016; Accepted date: January 03, 2017; Published date: 10 January, 2017
Citation: Cheng W, Juan W, Zhong W, Wei-Wei M, Rong-Xiang X, et al. (2017) Research of Iodine Nutrition Levels in Akto County, Xinjiang, China from 2009 to 2014. J Nutr Disorders Ther 7: 203. doi:10.4172/2161-0509.1000203
Copyright: © 2017 Cheng W, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Objective: To understand the effect of prevention and control of iodine deficiency disorders with iodized salt in Akto County, Xinjiang, China, to provide a scientific basis for formulating effective method of prevention. Methods: Sampling survey was conducted in Akto County in 2004, according to National Key Survey Scheme in High-risk Areas. Results: The median of the iodized salt was 32.8 mg/kg in 2004, with intake rate of qualified iodized salt of 100% in the residents. Goiter rate of the children was 22.0% by palpation, and 10.0% by B-ultrasound, with the coincidence rate of 66.8%. Compared with those in 2014, there were statistical differences (P<0.05) in children's goiter rate by palpation (χ2=86.10) and B-ultrasound (χ2=28.03) in 2009. While statistical difference in urine iodine levels of children was also found between 2009 and 2014 (t=5.58, P<0.005). Conclusion: Universal coverage of iodized salt is an effective way to control IDD.