Review of Mansonella ozzardi and its Vectors in the Neotropical Region with Emphasis on the Current Situation in HaitiChristian P. Raccurt*
Department of Infectious and Communicable Diseases, University Notre-Dame of Haiti, Port-au-Prince, Haiti
- *Corresponding Author:
- Christian P. Raccurt
Department of Infectious and Communicable Diseases
University Notre-Dame of Haiti, Port-au-Prince, Haiti
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: February 17, 2017; Accepted Date: March 03, 2017; Published Date: March 08, 2017
Citation: Raccurt CP (2017) Review of Mansonella ozzardi and its Vectors in the Neotropical Region with Emphasis on the Current Situation in Haiti. J Bacteriol Parasitol 8:302. doi: 10.4172/2155-9597.1000302
Copyright: © 2017 Raccurt CP. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use,distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Mansonella ozzardi (Nematoda: Onchocercidae) is an understudied filarial nematode. This human parasite transmitted by two families of dipteran vectors, biting midges (most of them members of the genus Culicoides) and black flies (genus Simulium), is endemic to the Neotropic regions of the New World. With a patchy geographic distribution from southern Mexico to northwestern Argentina, human infection with M. ozzardi is highly prevalent in some of the Caribbean islands, along riverine communities in the Amazon Basin, and on both sides of the border between Bolivia and Argentina. Studies conducted in Haiti between 1974 and 1984 allowed the first complete description of adult worm and permitted to clarify the taxonomic position of this filarial species. In this paper, the author reports the known geographic distribution of M. ozzardi in neotropical regions of America and Caribbean, and focuses on the current situation in Haiti where this filariasis remains a completely neglected public health problem.