alexa Review on the Fundamental Aspects of Petroleum Oil Emul
ISSN:2157-7463

Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology
Open Access

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Research Article

Review on the Fundamental Aspects of Petroleum Oil Emulsions and Techniques of Demulsification

Souleyman A Issaka*, Abdurahman H Nour and Rosli Mohd Yunus
Faculty of Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering, University Malaysia Pahang, Malaysia
Corresponding Author : Issaka SA
Faculty of Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering
University Malaysia Pahang, Malaysia
Tel: 00609-549-2501
Fax: 00609-549-2544
E-mail: [email protected]
Received March 09, 2015; Accepted March 16, 2015; Published March 23, 2015
Citation: Issaka SA, Nour AH, Yunus RM (2015) Review on the Fundamental Aspects of Petroleum Oil Emulsions and Techniques of Demulsification. J Pet Environ Biotechnol 6:214. doi:10.4172/2157-7463.1000214
Copyright: © 2015 Issaka SA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
 

Abstract

This review is aimed to introduce a comprehensive survey on the most prominent and sustainable techniques and methods that could abate the environmental worries as well as financial insecurities in treating petroleum emulsions, since the existence of water is not desired because of the paramount troubles it may cause on the processing streamlines, as well as financial cost associated with transporting water mixed with petroleum. Currently, the most commonly used method for treating petroleum emulsion is the application of chemical additives, known as demulsifiers. Althogh, there are many other methods that are claimed to be more favorable from economic and environmental perspectives, yet, have not being fully put into real life practice, because of the drawbacks and disadvantages. In this review, several techniques have been surveyed including, chemical, electrical, membrane, centrifuge, bacteria, air floatation, ultrasonic, and microwave. Based on this Theoretical survey, silcone based demulsifiers were reported to be very effective and environmental friendly, but expensive. Also microwave and ultrasonics were reported to be very effective in treating petroleum emulsion and could be recommended as future ulternatives for treating petroleum emulsions.

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