Review on the Problematic of Salmonellosis and Interests of Traditional Herbs in the TreatmentDougnon Tamègnon Victorien*1,2, Bankolé Honoré Sourou1, Houmanou Gildas1, de Souza Muriel1 and Baba-Moussa Lamine3
2Laboratoire d’Hygiène, Assainissement, Toxicologie et de Santé Environnementale, ex-Laboratoire de Toxicologie et de Santé Environnementale (HeCOTHES), Centre Interfacultaire de Formation et de Recherche en Environnement pour le Développement Durable (CIFRED), University of Abomey-Calavi, Benin
- *Corresponding Author:
- Dougnon Tamègnon Victorien
Laboratoire de Recherche en Biologie Appliquée (LARBA)
Ecole Polytechnique d’Abomey-Calavi (EPAC)
University of Abomey-Calavi, Benin
E-Mail: [email protected]
Received Date: May 03, 2016; Accepted Date: June 25, 2016; Published Date: July 1, 2016
Citation: Victorien DT, Sourou BH, Gildas H, Muriel DS, Lamine BM (2016) Review on the Problematic of Salmonellosis and Interests of Traditional Herbs in the Treatment. Clin Microbiol 5:251. doi: 10.4172/2327-5073.1000251
Copyright: © 2016 Victorien DT, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Objective: Salmonellae are facultative anaerobic Gram-negative rod-shaped bacteria generally 2-5 microns long by 0.5-1.5 microns wide and motile by peritrichous flagella. Salmonella spp are among the group of bacteria in the family Enterobacteriaceae commonly known as enteric bacteria that live in gastrointestinal tracts of warm-blooded animals. Worldwide surveillance data has demonstrated an overall increase in antibiotic resistance among nontyphoid Salmonella, although significant geographical and serotype variability exist. The use of medicinal plants in the treatment of salmonellosis has become more than compulsory nowadays especially with the new trend of antibiotic resistance and the effectiveness of the properties of these plants. The current study aimed to assess the importance of salmonellosis in Benin and the potentialities of treatment by medicinal plants. Materials and Methods: A systematic online search was performed whereby key-words such as “Salmonellae”, “Salmonellosis Benin”, “non-typhoidal salmonellosis”, “Medicinal plants Benin” and “traditional plants Benin” were entered in PubMed database, Google Scholar and www.google.bj. Obtained articles were included based on the reliability of their source, the study area (basically Benin and Africa) and the topic. Results: Host factors predisposing to severe non-typhoidal Salmonellae infection include reduced gastric acidity, impaired cell mediated and humoral immunity, and impaired phagocytic function. Antimicrobial resistance in Salmonella can be associated with horizontal transfer of antibiotic resistant genes and with increased treatment failure and risk of invasive disease. Several scientists around the world have researched this matter and confirmed the antimicrobial properties of plants on bacterial infections mainly salmonellosis Conclusion: The use of medicinal plants in the treatment of salmonellosis has become more than compulsory nowadays especially with the new trend of antibiotic resistance and the effectiveness of the properties of these plants.