Shell Growth Performance of Hatchery Produced Pinctada margaritifera: Family Effect and Relation with Cultured Pearl Weight
Chin-Long KY* and Gilles Le Moullac
Ifremer, UMR 241 Ecosystèmes Insulaires Oceaniens (EIO), Labex Corail, Centre du Pacifique, Tahiti, French Polynesia
- *Corresponding Author:
- Chin-Long KY
Ifremer, UMR 241 Ecosystèmes Insulaires Oceaniens (EIO), Labex Corail
Centre du Pacifique, BP 49, 98719 Taravao, Tahiti, French Polynesia
Tel: 00 (689) 40 54 60 09
Fax: 00 (689) 40 54 60 99
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: March 03, 2016; Accepted Date: May 12, 2017; Published Date: May 15, 2017
Citation: Chin-Long KY, Moullac GL (2017) Shell Growth Performance of Hatchery Produced Pinctada margaritifera: Family Effect and Relation with Cultured Pearl Weight. J Aquac Res Development 8:480. doi: 10.4172/2155-9546.1000480
Copyright: © 2017 Chin-Long KY, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Size is the most important and valuable quality trait of cultured pearls produced by the black-lipped pearl oyster, Pinctada margaritifera. In French Polynesia, several breeding programmes have been started that aim to improve this size trait, which is highly related to shell growth rate in both recipient and donor oysters. Shell growth rate dictates the time of grafting, size of implanted nuclei and bio-mineralisation potential of the mantle and pearl sac. We assessed shell growth rate through routine digital shell biometric analysis on 22 hatchery families produced between 2005 and 2008. These included full-sib families and half-sib families derived from polyandry (one dam crossed with two or more sires). Results showed that: 1) a significant family effect was recorded for growth performance, analysed according to the Von Bertalanffy model, 2) a significant male effect was observed for some of the half-sib families and 3) a relationship was found between the shell growth performances of five families randomly selected and used as graft donors in a grafting experiment and the final weight of the cultured pearls produced. These results have important implications for the breeding of pearl oysters with high growth capacities: it may be possible to select oyster lines for the potential to produce large pearls using shell equivalent diameter estimated by the digital method as a selection criterion.