alexa Social Support and Coping Strategies among Swedish and Sudanese Older Persons
ISSN: 2167-7182

Journal of Gerontology & Geriatric Research
Open Access

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article

Social Support and Coping Strategies among Swedish and Sudanese Older Persons

Eltayeb W1*, Weitner S1, Ericsson K1, Theorell T2 and Ljunggren G3
1 Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Sweden
2 Stress Research Institute, Stockholm University, Sweden
3 Centre for Gerontology and Health Economics, Stockholm County Council, Sweden
Corresponding Author : Wafaa Eltayeb
Department of Neurobiology
Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet
C/o Dr. Gunnar Ljunggren, Stockholm County Council
Mailing address PO Box 6909, 10239 Stockholm
Hantverkargatan 11 B, Sweden
Tel: 46812313588
E-mail: [email protected]
Received February 27, 2014; Accepted May 19, 2014; Published May 22, 2014
Citation: Eltayeb W, Weitner S, Ericsson K, Theorell T, Ljunggren G (2014) Social Support and Coping Strategies among Swedish and Sudanese Older Persons. J Gerontol Geriat Res 3:156. doi:10.4172/2167-7182.1000156
Copyright: © 2014 Eltayeb W et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited
 

Abstract

Sweden and Sudan represent different forms of family and societal structures. Nevertheless, older persons in either country have to develop coping strategies in order to be able to handle their life. Their coping patterns interact with the family and other close persons. This paper aims to contribute to the understanding of social support and coping strategies among older persons in Sweden and Sudan. A cross-cultural and semi-structured interview study was performed with 85 older persons (26% men) aged 68– 102 years, living in their own homes, receiving some home services in Stockholm, Sweden. Interviews were also conducted with 42 older persons (24% men) aged 60-85 years living in extended families in an outskirts of Khartoum, Sudan. The subjects were asked to answer a standard social support questionnaire including availability of attachment (AVAT) and social interaction (AVSI). Their situation was also explored by means of the “coping wheel”. This was used in three forms (participant activities in the past, present, and in the future). Scores for perceived “control” and “emotion” were calculated on the basis of all the individual activities reported in the "wheel." To test the difference between the two groups with regard to coping strategies, descriptive statistics and Chisquare tests were applied. Multivariate one-way analysis of variance was used to test the differences between Swedish and Sudanese older persons in AVSI, and AVAT, adjusting for age and gender. A content analysis was performed for the coping activities in the past, at present and in the future. As content analysis has no single form or stage, the answers were processed and analyzed without pre-conceptions. The “control” score both in the past and in the future was significantly higher in the Sudanese sample while the present “emotion” score was significantly higher (more positive) in the Swedish sample. Our results suggest that traditional norms and culture have an effect on social support as well as coping strategies for older persons. The family plays a very important role in enhancing psychosocial wellbeing. It seems that Swedish older persons use much of their time for hobbies and leisure activities, whereas the Sudanese older persons seem to be struggling for survival.

Keywords

Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading
Loading Please wait..
 
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords