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Research Article

Source and Determinants of Water Pollution in Ethiopia: Distributed Lag Modeling Approach

Arega Shumetie Ademe* and Molla Alemayehu*

Haramaya University; College of Business and Economics, Department of Economics, Ethiopia

*Corresponding Author:
Arega Shumetie Ademe
Haramaya University; College of Business and Economics
Department of Economics
Po Box 127, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia
Tel: 251 911 089866
E-mail: [email protected]

Molla Alemayehu
Haramaya University; College of Business and Economics
Department of Economics
Po Box 138, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia
Tel: 251 913 729646
E-mail: [email protected]

Received December 03, 2013; Accepted January 20, 2014; Published January 27, 2014

Citation: Ademe AS, Alemayehu M (2014) Source and Determinants of Water Pollution in Ethiopia: Distributed Lag Modeling Approach. Intel Prop Rights 2:110. doi: 10.4172/ipr.1000110

Copyright: © 2014 Ademe AS, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Ethiopia did not supply clean water for half of the total population up to the end of 2011.This study had tried to assess sources and determinants of organic water pollutant (BOD) emissions in Ethiopia by considering 22 years data from 1990-2011. The study employed both descriptive and inferential analysis in which autoregressive distributed lag model was used to analyze the data. As of descriptive analysis industrial wastes are the main actor in polluting the water, in which textile and food industries are the first and second pollutants respectively. The pollution level from the second source shows increment in recent times. The regression result revealed that gross capital formation, expansion of the manufacturing sector, inflation and huge dependent population are variables that would aggravate the water pollution level of the country where as agriculture value addition and foreign direct investment have contributed more in reducing the pollution level.

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