alexa Survey of Medication Error Factors from Nurses Perspect
ISSN: 0974-8369

Biology and Medicine
Open Access

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Research Article

Survey of Medication Error Factors from Nurses Perspective

Zahra Pournamdar1 and Sadegh Zare2*

1Community Nursing Research Center, Pregnancy Health Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran

2Student Scientific Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran

*Corresponding Author:
Zare S
Student Scientific Research Center
Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: April 18, 2016; Accepted date: June 19, 2016; Published date: June 26, 2016

Citation: Pournamdar Z, Zare S (2016) Survey of Medication Error Factors from Nurses’ Perspective. Biol Med (Aligarh) 8:310. doi:10.4172/0974-8369.1000310

Copyright: © 2016 Pournamdar Z et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



The nurses are the health-care service providers of the hospitals’ front lines, and they play a particular role in offering service to the patients and managing medication activities and interacting with other clinical staff. Therefore, the survey and discovery of the main reasons behind medication errors from their perspective can be effective on the error identification and teaching the appropriate strategies for preventing the errors. Therefore, the presents study aims at the survey of the nurses’ perspectives regarding the medication error reasons. The present study is a descriptive research which has been conducted on 119 nurses in 2016. After the questionnaires were gathered, data were analyzed by the use of SPSS 19 and descriptive statistics. The study population’s average age was 28.86 6 6.45; 101 individuals were women, and 87 people had passed courses on ethics. The highest mean score was obtained in the factors related to hospital sections and departments. Also, the highest mean score regarding the questionnaire items was obtained for the items “the low nurse to patient ratio in departments and hospital sections” and “the high volume of the works,” and the lowest mean score was obtained for the item “despondency and disinterest regarding the nursing occupation.” The nursing staff should be enhanced in their awareness of types and reasons of medication errors and the way they should be reported in treatment and health centers and particularly training hospitals associated with Zahedan University of Medical Sciences.


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