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ISSN:2157-7463

Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology
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Research Article

Surveying a Diverse Pool of Microalgae as a Bioresource for Future Biotechnological Applications

Gisela Jakob1,2, Juliane Wolf1,2, Tony VL Bui1, Clemens Posten3, Olaf Kruse4, Evan Stephens1,2, Ian L Ross1,2 and Ben Hankamer1,2*
1Institute for Molecular Bioscience, The University of Queensland, Queensland, Australia
2Solar Biofuels Research Centre, The University of Queensland, Queensland, Australia
3Institute of Life Science Engineering, Bioprocess Engineering, University of Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe, BW D-76131, Germany
4Department of Biology, Algae Biotechnology & Bioenergy, University of Bielefeld, Bielefeld, NRW D-33501, Germany
Corresponding Author : Ben Hankamer
Institute for Molecular Bioscience
The University of Queensland, Queensland, Australia
E-mail: [email protected]
Received July 16, 2013; Accepted September 16, 2013; Published September 23, 2013
Citation: Jakob G, Wolf J, Bui TVL, Posten C, Kruse O, et al. (2013) Surveying a Diverse Pool of Microalgae as a Bioresource for Future Biotechnological Applications. J Phylogenetics Evol Biol 4:153. doi:10.4172/2157-7463.1000153
Copyright: © 2013 Jakob G, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Resource limitation is an escalating concern given human expansion and development. Algae are increasingly recognised as a promising bioresource and the range of cultivated species and their products is expanding. Compared to terrestrial crops, microalgae are very biodiverse and offer considerable versatility for a range of biotechnological applications including the production of animal feeds, fuels, high value products and waste-water treatment. Despite their versatility and capacity for high biomass productivity on non-arable land, attempts to harness microalgae for commercial benefit have been limited. This is in large part due to capital costs and energy inputs remaining high, the necessity of identifying ‘suitable’ land with proximal resource and infrastructure availability and the need for process and strain optimisation. Microalgae represent a relatively unexplored bioresource both for native and engineered strains. Success in this area requires (1) appropriate methods to source and isolate microalgae strains, (2) efficient maintenance of motherstocks, (3) rapid strain characterisation and correct matching of strains to applications, (4) ensuring productive and stable cultivation at scale, and (5) ongoing strain development (breeding, adaptation and engineering). This article illustrates a survey and isolation of over 150 local microalgae strains as a bioresource for ongoing strain development and biotechnological applications.

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