Survival of Vibrio cholerae Inside Acanthamoeba and Detection of Both Microorganisms From Natural Water Samples May Point out the Amoeba as a Protozoal Host for V. choleraeHadi Abd1*, Salah Shanan1,2, Amir Saeed1 and Gunnar Sandström1
- *Corresponding Author:
- Hadi Abd
Department of Laboratory Medicine
Division of Clinical Microbiology
Karolinska University Hospital
Huddinge, SE-141 86 Stockholm, Sweden
Tel: 076 214 96 30
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: November 08, 2011; Accepted date: December 09, 2011; Published date: December 15, 2011
Citation: Abd H, Shanan S, Saeed A, Sandström G (2011) Survival of Vibrio cholerae Inside Acanthamoeba and Detection of Both Microorganisms From Natural Water Samples May Point out the Amoeba as a Protozoal Host for V. cholerae. J Bacteriol Parasitol S1-003. doi: 10.4172/2155-9597.S1-003
Copyright: © 2011 Abd H, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The ability of free living and waterborne amoebae to feed on bacteria in the surroundings, as well as to host several human bacteria suggests that both amoebae and bacteria are involved in complex interactions. The extracellular bacterium, Vibrio cholerae requires 108 to 109 cells to cause cholera, and accordingly it needs an environmental host to grow to such high numbers to be able to cause the infection in humans. The current review discusses the properties of V. cholerae to be able to grow inside the environmental protozoa Acanthamoeba species, findings of our field study applied molecular detection of both microorganisms in the same natural water samples from cholera endemic area, and role of Acanthamoeba as a protozoal host to V. cholerae in nature beside human.