alexa A Novel Strain Of Pseudomonas Fluorescens WS1 Forms Biofilm On Root Surface And Enhances Growth Of Wheat Plant
ISSN: 2168-9881

Agrotechnology
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2nd International Conference on Agricultural & Horticultural Sciences
Radisson Blu Plaza Hotel, Hyderabad, India February 03-05, 2014

Mohd. Musheer Altaf and Iqbal Ahmad
Posters: Agrotechnol
DOI: 10.4172/2168-9881.S1.008
Abstract
Various factors are known to influence the performance of bioinoculant under field conditions. It is believed that a strain capable of colonizing plant root and compete with native soil bacterial strains will be more effective in enhancing the plant growth consistently. Biofilm forming bacteria is expected to colonize better and can survive under stress condition. To test this hypothesis, a total of 36 strains of Pseudomonas sp. were isolated from rhizopsheric soil of wheat ( Triticum aestivum L.) and subjected to plant growth promoting screening in vitro . Of these, 6 strains showed promising multiple desirable PGP traits. These strains were screened for biofilm formation in vitro and root colonization in sterile soil-plant system. Although all the 6 isolates exhibited multiple PGP traits but isolate WS1 was selected for further study based on strong biofilm forming capacity. The strain WS1 produced indole-3-acetic acid (31.08 μg ml -1 ), solubilized phosphorus (412.60 μg ml -1 ), siderophore (16.41 μg ml -1 salicylic acid and 11.71 μg ml -1 DHBA) and showed the production of 1-amino-cyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) deaminase. Strain WS1 identified as Pseudomonas fluorescens based on biochemical and 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis. The crystal violet assay indicated that the strain WS1 formed strong biofilm on 96 well microtiter plate and glass coverslip. The biofilm formation by Pseudomonas fluorescens WS1 on plant root was visualized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The test strain colonized the roots efficiently and formed biofilm. Further inoculation with WS1 enhanced a significant increase in root length (41%), shoot length (45%), root and shoot dry weight (72 and 50% respectively) of wheat plant (var. PBW343) under pot experiments over the untreated control. The findings revealed that Pseudomonas fluorescens WS1 is an efficient root colonizer and could be exploited as bioinoculant for local use. Further investigation on role of biofilm on plant growth promotion under stress condition is to be evaluated.
Biography
Mohd. Musheer Altaf completed MPhil from Aligarh Muslim University and presently doing Ph.D. under the supervision of Dr. Iqbal Ahmad in the Department of Agricultural Microbiology, AMU, Aligarh. His main area of research is on biofilm formation by PGPR and its impact on plant health. Some of his work has been presented in conferences.
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