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|Hulya Kok Eren and Sati Demir|
|Eskisehir Osmangazi University, Turkey|
|ScientificTracks Abstracts: J Psychiatry|
|Objective: Organized as descriptive research, the present study aimed to investigate the internalized stigma, self-esteem and perceived social support levels in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder patients who were followed at a psychiatry polyclinic. Method: The study was conducted with 162 schizophrenias and 200 bipolar disorder patients who applied for treatment at two state hospitals and one university hospital. Data for the study were collected using patient information forms, the Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness Scale (ISMIS), the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) and the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS). Results: The ISMIS mean scores showed statistically significant differences based on the diagnoses of the patients, awareness of the diagnosis, suicide attempts and regular psychiatric care among the patients (p<0.05). The ISMIS mean scores of patients with the diagnosis of schizophrenia were significantly higher than those of the bipolar disorder patients (p<0.05). The ISMIS mean scores of the patients who did not know their diagnoses, who attempted suicide and who did not attend follow-ups regularly were higher (p<0.05) There was a positive correlation between the ISMIS and RSES scores of the patients (r=0.671; p=0.000). In contrast, there was a negative correlation between the ISMIS and MSPSS scores (r=-0,411; p=0.000). Conclusion: The less self-esteem and perceived social support that the patients had, the greater the internalized stigma was. Thus, planning and conducting initiatives to increase self-esteem and social support for patients have become significant.|
Hulya Kok Eren is a Doctoral Student in Nursing and a Research Assistant at the Faculty of Health Sciences of the Eskisehir Osmangazi University. She holds a Master’s degree in Psyciatric Nursing from the Gazi University.
Email: [email protected]
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