alexa Low Salinity Flooding In A Selected Carbonate Reservoir: Experimental Approach
ISSN:2157-7463

Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology
Open Access

Like us on:
OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading
Loading Please wait..
 

2nd World Congress on Petrochemistry and Chemical Engineering
October 27-29, 2014 Embassy Suites Las Vegas, USA

Hazim H Al-Attar, Mohamed Y Mahmoud, Abdulrazag Y Zekri, Reyadh Almehaideb and Mamdouh Ghannam
Accepted Abstracts: J Pet Environ Biotechnol
DOI: 10.4172/2157-7463.S1.008
Abstract
Low-salinity water flooding has been used to improve oil recovery for many decades. Several theories regarding the mechanism of low salinity flooding have been discussed in the literature including interfacial tension reduction, wettability alteration, change in pH value, emulsion formation, and clay migration. This work presents the results of flooding tests on selected carbonate core samples taken from Bu Hasa field in Abu Dhabi using sea water and two field injection waters, Um- Eradhuma (UER) at 197,357 ppm and Simsima (SIM) at 243,155 ppm. These results were used to evaluate the effects of brine salinity and ionic composition on the possible interactions of limestone rock/ brine/ and oil system and to identify the oil recovery mechanism. The field injection waters were diluted to salinities of 5,000 and 1,000 ppm and the optimum salinity was determined and then modified by varying the sulfate and calcium ion concentrations. Wettability alteration was determined by contact angle measurements. Interfacial tension measurements of the studied systems were also performed in an attempt to evaluate the flow mechanism with low salinity flooding. The experimental results revealed that a significant improvement in the oil recovery can be achieved through alteration of the injection water salinity. Reducing the salinity of UER water from 197,357 ppm to 5,000 ppm resulted in an improvement of oil recovery from 63% to 84.5% of OOIP and the latter salinity was used to evaluate the impact of changing the sulfate and calcium ion concentrations on oil recovery. Results also indicated that sulfate concentration has a significant effect on the flooding process and that increasing the sulfate concentration beyond some optimum concentration of 46.8 ppm resulted in a negative effect on the flooding process. Contact angle measurements indicated that lowering the solution salinity could shift the wettability of the system towards intermediate wettability levels and that the UER water exhibits higher shift toward intermediate wettability compared to other waters. Results also indicated that there is no clear correlation between the improvements in oil recovery and interfacial tension and the pH of the studied systems. The results of this work are useful for people working in this field.
image PDF   |   image HTML
 

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords