alexa Microbial Triggers Of Autoimmune Diseases
ISSN: 2327-5073

Clinical Microbiology: Open Access
Open Access

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading
Loading Please wait..
 

3rd International Conference on Clinical Microbiology & Microbial Genomics
September 24-26, 2014 Valencia Convention Centre, Spain

Duncan Adams
Keynote: Clin Microbial
DOI: 10.4172/2327-5073.S1.012
Abstract
Microbial Triggers: It is now clear that autoimmune diseases are caused by faulty immune responses to specific microbial infections, Alan Ebringer leading the search for these triggers. Forbidden Clones: Following Niels Jerne?s epochal realization that antibodies are not built on a template of antigen, but are pre-formed in myriad diversity, awaiting selection by an antigen that fits, Macfarlane Burnet realized that it is not antibodies that are selected but the cells that make them, and that these are the lymphocytes. Burnet proposed that each lymphocyte is covered in multiple copies of a single antigen receptor to form an immunological clone, with millions of cells in a clone and millions of different clones in a person. This is his clonal selection theory of the immune response. Furthermore, he realised that multiplying lymphocyte will mutate, and if the mutation involved is in a V (variable region) gene, a new clone will be formed. Hence, his forbidden clone theory, postulating that unlucky mutations in V genes cause the autoimmune diseases. This theory has been amply confirmed in detailed studies of Graves? disease, which is caused by B lymphocyte forbidden clones, whereas T lymphocyte forbidden clones cause Type1 diabetes. The H gene theory of Adams and Knight explains all the features of the genetics of the autoimmune diseases by postulating that histocompatibility antigens, major, minor and H-Y, dictate the immune repertoire by deleting nascent complementary clones, and so altering the risk of occurrence of the various autoimmune diseases. Specific Immunotherapy: Because unlucky somatic mutations in multiplying lymphocytes cause the autoimmune diseases, they are unlikely to recur in regenerating immune repertoires following immune ablation and autologous bone marrow cell reconstitution, as shown by Englert et al with cases of lethally severe systemic scleroderma. After isolation of its auto antigen, an autoimmune disease should be curable by selective destruction of its forbidden clone by making and using a cytotoxic auto antigen complex. Prophylaxis: This will be possible by identifying and vaccinating against microbial triggers of the various autoimmune diseases. Johannes Salk?s anterior poliomyelitis vaccine has prevented the leg paralyses that must have been a rare autoimmune complication of the virtually universal infections with the virus occurring in poliomyelitis epidemics. Ebringer has shown that rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis and multiple sclerosis have microbial triggers (Ankylosing Spondylitis and Klebsiella, Springer London 2012). A particular challenge is to find schizophrenia?s microbial trigger, probably a virus, and vaccinate against it to prevent this distressing disease.
Biography
Duncan Adams entered Medicine with a view to doing research on the aetiology of asthma. However, Dean Sir Charles Hercus apprenticed him to work under Dr HD Purves on use of radioactive iodine in thyroid research. Attacking the cause of Grave?s disease, Adams and Purves discovered the thyroid-stimulating auto antibodies. Later, in Adams? MRC Autoimmunity Research Unit, John Knight solved the genetics of the autoimmune diseases, which was confirmed at the molecular level by Alan Ebringer, who has discovered two microbial triggers, making it likely that all autoimmune diseases have microbial triggers and will be preventable by discovering and vaccinating against them. Duncan Adams has published more than 138 papers and chapters in medical science journals and books
image PDF   |   image HTML
 

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords