alexa Structural Insights Of Indian Origin Biomass From Various Sources During Pretreatment
ISSN:2157-7463

Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology
Open Access

Like us on:
OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading
Loading Please wait..
 

2nd World Congress on Petrochemistry and Chemical Engineering
October 27-29, 2014 Embassy Suites Las Vegas, USA

Veena Bansal, Ravindra Kumar, Sujit Mondal, Ravindra Kumar, A.A.Gupta, D.K. Tuli and B. Basu
Accepted Abstracts: J Pet Environ Biotechnol
DOI: 10.4172/2157-7463.S1.008
Abstract
Lignocellulosic biomass has shown potential as a source of renewable energy via biochemical conversion of cellulose and hemi-cellulose to ethanol. Characterization of biomass in terms of cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin is of prime importance for structural insight of biomass feed for the purpose of pretreatment optimization and subsequent sachharification. Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (SSNMR) spectroscopy is useful technique for deeper understanding of structural details of complex organic materials like polymers and other solid material. Many lignocellulosic raw materials as Populus, Switchgrass, Wheat straw, Rice straw etc. have been evaluated for their bioconversion to ethanol. India has very large amount of biomass from various sources, where not much work has been reported on biomass conversion process. In the present study, chemical composition of Indian origin biomass from various sources subjected to pretreatment under different conditions, from moderate to severe, has been investigated. Cross Polarization Magic Angle Spinning NMR has been used for studying changes occurring in the supramolecular structure of biomass, especially cellulose. Different cellulose allomorphs (I α , I β , I α+β and paracrystalline) have been directionally estimated and increase in the crystallinity of pretreated biomass pretreatment. Hemicellulose degradation process leading to increase in the cellulose and lignin ratio, is clearly observed. It has also been demonstrated that the changes contributing to this remarkable improvement occur as consequence of hemicellulose removal and lignin disruption. Non-etherified lignin is in higher amount in pretreated biomass due to cleavage of ?-O-4 linkages. The results presented herewith show the efficiency of the pretreatment procedure for improving the enzymatic digestibility of biomass and provide understanding of the pretreatment action mechanism. This study will contribute to a fundamental understanding of basic constituents of biomass and how pretreatment can impact the important constituents of biomass. Results on characterization of biomass from various Indigenous sources after pre-treatment have been discussed.
image PDF   |   image HTML
 

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords