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Virtual Screening For The Discovery Of New Anticoagulants | 19829
ISSN: 0975-0851

Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability
Open Access

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Virtual screening for the discovery of new anticoagulants

5th World Congress on Bioavailability and Bioequivalence Pharmaceutical R&D Summit

Horacio P?rez-S?nchez

Accepted Abstracts: J Bioequiv Availab

DOI: 10.4172/0975-0851.S1.019

Abstract
T he discovery of novel anticoagulants without side effects is one of the main problems of haemostasis. Ever since the discovery of the anticoagulant properties of hirudin from the leech saliva, the increasing relevance of thromboembolic diseases has encouraged a continuous search for new compounds with anticoagulant activity, which have led to the development of the new commercially available anticoagulants. One of the targets for prophylaxis and treatment of thromboembolic diseases is the plasma anticoagulant antithrombin. This protein circulates in blood in a metastable conformation, in which the reactive centre loop is partially inserted and is only activated by heparin and heparin sulfate glycosaminoglycans on the injured subendothelium. Accordingly sulfated polysaccharide heparin chains with different size, from unfractionated to the essential pentasaccharide, have been used with more or less success in anticoagulant therapy and thromboprophilaxis. In the last decades new molecules able to bind antithrombin have been identified. The strategies used in this search have been based mainly on the synthesis or chemical modification of existing drugs, or in the application of natural compounds with similar properties to those currently used. Examples for such compounds are lignins and flavonoids, highly sulfated small organic ligands that seem to have similar properties to heparins. Therefore, the discovery of novel or improved drugs for given diseases or special groups of patients, is a very slow and expensive process. Nevertheless, recent results obtained by the speaker demonstrate the discovery using Virtual Screening (VS) of a novel molecular scaffold, different to the previous ones based on heparin. Using this alternate approach, a large database of millions of chemical compounds is screened in-silico and affinity-ranking is used to identify some at least weakly-binding molecules for further refinement. Aided by ever-increasing computational power, VS is an appealing and cost-effective approach to tap into the wealth of available structural information. Consequently, novel and enhanced VS methodologies, conveniently exploited in innovative drug discovery strategies can lead to significant and quantifiable developments.
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