alexa Abstract | Antibiotic Prescription Patterns in Ambulatory Dental Care in Kosovo
ISSN: 2247-2452

Oral Health and Dental Management
Open Access

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article Open Access

Abstract

Background: Globally, the level of antibiotic prescription in dental care is increasing annually, and evidence indicates a high level of antibiotic misuse. This survey evaluated the prescription of antibiotics in primary dental care of health system of Kosova. Methods: Antibiotic use data for 1825 registered patients over a 1-year period were randomly collected and analyzed. These data are presented as the Defined Daily Dose [DDD]/1,000 inhabitants/day. Results: The prescription rate of antibiotics for all registered patients was 7.9%. The total use of antibiotics in dental primary care was 2.17 DDD/1,000 inhabitants/day. A total of 6 individual antibiotics were identified in this survey. The most frequently used antibiotic was co-amoxiclav (J01CR02), with a 1.16 DDD, followed by amoxicillin (J01CA04), with a 0.78 DDD. Other individual antibiotics that were used significantly less frequently included ceftriaxone (J01DD04), with a 0.11 DDD, cefalexin (J01DB01), with a 0.09 DDD, procaine benzyl penicillin (J01CE09), with a 0.02 DDD, and gentamicin (J01GB03), with a 0.01 DDD. Conclusion: The results of this survey indicate that a high prescription rate is not rational in primary dental care in Kosovo. The prescription of antibiotics in Kosovo is exclusively empiric without prior sensitivity testing, which may negatively impact bacterial resistance profiles. The use of broad-spectrum antibiotics should be replaced with that of more narrow-spectrum antibiotics, and more restrictive prescription patterns should be applied. For qualitative improvement in the prescription of drugs in these groups, we recommend the implementation of a restrictive antibiotic policy.

To read the full article Peer-reviewed Article PDF image

Author(s): Fehim Haliti, Shaip Krasniqi, Bashkim Gllareva, Nora Shabani, Lumnije Krasniqi, Naim Haliti

Keywords

Antibiotic use, Dentistry, Dental Care

Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading
Loading Please wait..
 
 
 
 
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords