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Research Article Open Access
Fruit pigments of six vine-ripening American heirloom tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum) were analyzed: the green-ripe ‘Aunt Ruby’s German Green’, the red-ripe ‘Black from Tula’, ‘Cherokee Purple’ and ‘German Johnson Regular Leaf’ and the yellow-ripe ‘Kellogg’s Breakfast’ and ‘Yellow Brandywine Platfoot Strain’ which were grown in Hungary (Godollo). In total, twenty-one type of pigments were determined by Reverse Phase (RP) High- Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC): the orange colorations of lutein, β-carotene, β-cryptoxanthin, mutatoxanthin and neoxanthin, the red-orange colorations of lycopene, lycopene-epoxide 1, lycopene-epoxide 2, lycoxanthin, 9-cis-lycopene, 13-cis-lycopene, lycopene-diepoxide 1 and lycopene-diepoxide 2 and the third group of colorations of violaxanthin, neochrome, prolycopene, neurosporene-epoxide, neurosporene, ζ(Zeta)-carotene, ζ- carotene-like, and α(alfa)-cryptoxanthin. Tomato ‘Black from Tula’ showed the highest content of β-carotene (23.56 g kg-1). The highest lycopene content (19.25 g kg-1) was found in the ‘Cherokee Purple’ and an extremely high prolycopene (syn.: tetra-cis-lycopene or all-trans-lycopene) content was found in the two yellow fruited tomatoes of ‘Kellogg’s Breakfast’ and ‘Yellow Brandywine Platfoot Strain’ (100.87 and 70. 99 g kg-1, respectively). Brix indexes did not show significant differences. Based on the results suggestions for growing purposes and further use in metabolomics and molecular and DNA profiling are given.
Forensic Pathology, Forensic Odontology