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  • Rickets

    Disease Definition: Rickets is defective mineralization or calcification of bones beforeepiphyseal closure in immature mammals due to deficiency or impaired metabolism of vitamin D,[1] phosphorus or calcium,[2]potentially leading to fractures and deformity.

    Disease Symptoms: Double malleoli sign due to metaphyseal hyperplasia , Harrison's groove, Costochondral swelling, Craniotabes, Tetany, Hypocalcemia (low level of calcium in the blood), Growth disturbance, Spinal deformity , Pelvic deformity, Older children: Knock-knees ,Cranial deformity Bone tenderness, Dental problems, Muscle weakness, Skeletal deformity.

  • Rickets

    Disease Treatment: Supplementation: Sufficient vitamin D levels can also be achieved through dietary supplementation and/or exposure to sunlight. Diet and sunlight: Treatment involves increasing dietary intake of calcium, phosphates and vitamin D. Exposure to ultraviolet B light (most easily obtained when the sun is highest in the sky), cod liver oil, halibut-liver oil, and viosterol are all sources of vitamin D.

 

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