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Acute Kidney Failure

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Acute kidney failure

 Acute kidney failure occurs when your kidneys suddenly become unable to filter waste products from your blood. When your kidneys lose their filtering ability, dangerous levels of wastes may accumulate, and your blood's chemical makeup may get out of balance due to loss of electrolytes.

Typical symptoms

Decreased urine output, Fluid retention, causing swelling in your legs, ankles or feet, Drowsiness, Shortness of breath, Fatigue, Confusion, Nausea, Seizures or coma in severe cases, Chest pain or pressure.

Acute kidney failure


Urine output measurements, Urine tests, Blood tests, Imaging tests, Removing a sample of kidney tissue for testing


Acute kidney failure


At the end of 2013, there were around 3.2 million patients being treated for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) worldwide. This number increases by approximately 6% each year, which is significantly higher than the population growth rate. Out of those 3.2 million patients, around 2.5 million were undergoing dialysis treatment (either haemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis), and around 678,000 were living with kidney transplants. This proportion of more than three quarters of the patients being treated with dialysis has remained relatively stable over the past years.The prevalence of people treated for end-stage renal disease shows a high degree of variation across countries. Taiwan shows the highest ESRD prevalence (3,170 per million population – pmp), followed by Japan (2,620 pmp) and the United States (2,080 pmp).



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