Stress incontinence is the unintentional or uncontrollable leakage of urine. It is a serious and embarrassing disorder, which can lead to social isolation. Stress incontinence typically occurs when certain kinds of physical movement puts pressure on your bladder. Laughing, sneezing, coughing, jumping, vigorous exercise, and heavy lifting can all cause stress incontinence. Any pressure placed on the abdomen and bladder can lead to the loss of urine. It’s important to remember that the term “stress” is used in a strictly physical sense when describing stress incontinence. Emotional stress is not a factor in this type of urinary disorder. The “stress” refers to excessive pressure on the bladder. Both men and women can have episodes of stress incontinence.
It is estimated that in 2000, about 14.5 million episodes of serious pneumococcal disease occurred, resulting in about 826 000 deaths in children aged 1-59 months. In the developed world, serious disease occurs mainly in children under two years of age and in the elderly. In developing countries, the disease is common in children under two years, including newborn infants; rates of the disease in the elderly population are largely unknown. HIV infection and other conditions associated with immune deficiency greatly increase the likelihood of contracting pneumococcal disease. Growing resistance of pneumococcus to conventional antibiotics underlines the urgent need for vaccines to be used to control pneumococcal disease.
Kegel exercises make your sphincter and pelvic muscles stronger. To perform a Kegel, contract the muscles you use to stop the stream of urine when you urinate. You might want to do Kegels while sitting on the toilet to help you learn which muscles to use. Once you have mastered the exercise, you can perform them anywhere and at any time. Let your doctor know if you have a hard time learning Kegel exercises. According to the National Institutes of Health, you might be a candidate for biofeedback therapy instead. (NIH) Biofeedback therapy is a treatment which uses instruments to help you to recognize the stimuli which lead to certain responses in your body and to modify them. In the treatment of urinary incontinence these instruments measure the contraction of the muscles in your bladder. Electrical stimulation is a treatment that sends a mild electrical current to the pelvic floor muscles.