Blood disorders affect one or more parts of the blood and prevent your blood from doing its job. They can be acute or chronic. Many blood disorders are inherited. Other causes include other diseases, side effects of medicines, and a lack of certain nutrients in your diet.
In Belgium in 2011–12, around 760,000 people aged 18 years and over (4.5%) were at risk of anaemia, with women more likely to be at risk than men (6.4% compared with 2.5%). The risk of anaemia was highest among older Australians, with rates rapidly increasing after the age of 65 years. People aged 75 years and older were more likely to be at risk of anaemia than all other Australians, with 16.0% in the at risk range compared with 3.6% of Australians aged less than 75 years.
Depending on the disorder, treatment options can include growth factors to stimulate blood cell production, steroids or other drugs to suppress the immune system, and chemotherapy to destroy abnormal cells. Bleeding disorders like hemophilia may call for blood-component therapies, such as platelet transfusions or clotting factors; diseases that involve clotting might be treated with drugs that inhibit clot formation.
The American Society of Hematology (ASH) leads the world in promoting and supporting clinical and scientific hematology research through its many innovative award programs, meetings, publications, and advocacy efforts.