Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is an anxiety disorder characterized by excessive, uncontrollable and often irrational worry, that is, apprehensive expectation about events or activities. This excessive worry often interferes with daily functioning, as individuals with Generalized anxiety disorder typically anticipate disaster, and are overly concerned about everyday matters such as health issues.
GAD can’t seem to get rid of their concerns, even though they usually realize that their anxiety is more intense than the situation warrants. They can’t relax, startle easily, and have difficulty concentrating. Often they have trouble falling asleep or staying asleep. Physical symptoms that often accompany the anxiety include fatigue, headaches.
Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is more effective in the long term than medications (such as SSRIs), and while both treatments reduce anxiety, CBT is more effective in reducing depression ; however, while the overall outcomes differed, this difference was not found to be statistically significant.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder causes the significant morbidity and mortality throughout the world. The incidence and the prevalence of this disease vary among the different population throughout the world. A study revealed that, Belgium, Generalized Anxiety Disorder affects 3-7% of the entire community. Age group between 18-47 years are mostly been affected by this disease.