Tonsil cancer may be of the Lymphoma type and usually arise from the lymphatic cells which are found in the wall of the tonsils. The pharynx is the continuation of the nose and mouth. It is a muscular tube that continues downwards through the neck and is responsible for the passage of both air (to the larynx, trachea and lungs) and food (to the oesophagus and then stomach). The pathways for food and air cross over in the pharynx. In addition, the auditory canal opens onto the upper part of the pharynx. Oropharyngeal cancer is uncommon and typically involves patients in the fifth through seventh decades of life; men are afflicted three to five times more often than women. It remain a significant cause of morbidity in Belgium, with as many as 466,831 and 168,368 cases diagnosed in 2008 among men and women, respectively.
The cancer treatment options available in non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma are radiotherapy andchemotherapy. If the cancerous tumor is highly localised to the tonsils or head and neck region, then the tonsil cancer treatment of choice is radiotherapy and is very effective. More advanced tonsil cancer will require systemic cancer treatment with chemotherapy, but may also include radiotherapy as part of the cancer treatment regime. New techniques introduced to reduce complications, making Tonsil cancer a safer operation for more people than ever before. Further research is being conducted to determine the best surveillance interval to monitor these cysts.