Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a heterogeneous syndrome characterized by abnormalities in carbohydrate and fat metabolism. The causes of type 2 diabetes are multi-factorial and include both genetic and environmental elements that affect beta-cell function and tissue (muscle, liver, adipose tissue, pancreas) insulin sensitivity. Although there is considerable debate as to the relative contributions of beta-cell dysfunction and reduced insulin sensitivity to the pathogenesis of diabetes, it is generally agreed that both these factors play important roles.
610.000 Belgian adults have diabetes, i.e., 8% of the total population. An additional 494.500 citizens (6.5% of the population) suffer from impaired glucose tolerance (pre diabetes). This situation will deteriorate in the future, with an estimated 749.600 adult citizens with diabetes in 2030.5.500 Belgian citizens die from diabetes every year.1 this is about 15 citizens every day. Type 2 diabetes, accounting for 80-90% of all diabetes in Belgium, decreases life expectancy by 5-10 years.
Monitoring blood sugar is an essential part of diabetes treatment. People with diabetes need to monitor and record their blood sugar on a regular basis. Monitoring frequency varies.Type 2 Diabetes afflicts close to 250 million people in world today, 27 million in the United States alone. The world wide incidence of Type 2 Diabetes is increasing in epidemic proportions.one of three children born today, at some stage in their lives, will become Diabetic and develop disabling or fatal complications of the disease.