alexa Biomass

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Biomass

Biomass is biological material which is derived from living or in recent times living organisms. It refers to plants or derived plant materials which are specifically called as lignocellulosic biomass. Biomass can either be used directly through combustion to produce heat or indirectly converting it to various forms of biofuel as a renewable energy source. Conversion of biofuel from biomass can be achieved by different methods which are broadly classified as thermal, chemical, and biochemical methods. Biomass is a biologically-produced matter based in carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. Biofuels are classified broadly into two major categories based on the source of biomass. First generation of biofuels is derived from sources such as corn starch and sugarcane etc. Sugars present in this biomass are fermented to produce bioethanol, which can be used as alcohol fuel. It can be used directly in a fuel cell to produce electricity or serve as additive to gasoline. On the other hand, utilizing food based resource for fuel production aggravates food shortage trouble and Second generation biofuels utilize non food based biomass sources such as agriculture and municipal waste. Wood is the largest biomass energy source. Biomass includes plant or animal matter. It can be converted into fibers or other industrial chemicals including biofuels. There are different types of plants include miscanthus, switchgrass, corn, poplar, sorghum, sugarcane, bamboo from where Industrial biomass will be grown up. Wood energy is derived by using lignocellulosic biomass as fuel. The largest source of energy from wood is pulping liquor or black liquor. Waste energy is the second-largest source of biomass energy. The main contributors of waste energy are municipal solid waste , waste from manufacturing, and landfill gas. Plant biomass can also be ruined from cellulose to glucose through a series of chemical treatments, and the consequential sugar can be used as a first generation biofuel. The use of plants as a biofuel source not only provides sustainability but also a approach to reduce a major greenhouse gas, carbon dioxide. Biomass can be converted to other usable forms of energy like methane gas or transportation fuels like ethanol and biodiesel.
 
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