Bulimia nervosa is a serious and sometimes life-threatening eating disorder affecting mainly young women. People with bulimia, known as bulimics, consume large amounts of food (binge) and then try to rid themselves of the food and calories (purge) by fasting, excessive exercise, vomiting, or using laxatives. The behavior often serves to reduce stress and relieve anxiety. Because bulimia results from an excessive concern with weight control and self-image, and is often accompanied by depression, it is also considered a psychiatric illness.
The cause of bulimia is unknown. Researchers believe that it may be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Bulimia tends to run in families. Research shows that certain brain chemicals, known as neurotransmitters, may function abnormally inacutely ill bulimia patients. Scientists also believe there may be a link between bulimia and other psychiatric problems, such as depression and OCD.
Nutrition counseling and self-help groups are often helpful. Antidepressants commonly used to treat bulimia include desipramine (Norpramin), imipramine (Tofranil), and fluoxetine (Prozac). These medications also may treat any co-existing depression. In addition to professional treatment, family support plays an important role in helping the bulimic person.
The sociodemographic characteristics and EAT-26 results of cases and controls are described. No significant differences were observed between groups for any of the demographic features studied. Mean age (± SD) was 24.2 ± 4.0 years. Thirty percent were studying and working and 40.5% were only working at the time of data collection; 52% had more than 12 years of schooling.