The growth plate, also known as the epiphyseal plate or physis is the area near the end of the long bones in children and adolescents where developing tissues are present with two growth plates each at the end of the long bone. The growth plate is determination factor for the length and shape of the mature bone. These are result of repetitive stress on bone or due to accidents.
In children’s bones are subjected to a unique injury i.e., a growth plate fracture, approximately 15- 30% of all childhood fractures are growth plate fractures and if not treated properly, it may result in a limb crooked or unequal in length. Symptoms are inability to move or put pressure on limb, Swelling, warmth, and tenderness in the area around the end of bone and joint’s.
Treatment and Statistics
The treatment usually include the cast immobilization that helps in natural healing, severe cases involves surgery with fixation by metal implants necessary to ensure proper alignment of both the growth plate and the joint surface. In 2014 approximately 4-12% childrens were reported for growth plate fractures.