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Infant Reflux

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  • Infant reflux

    Infant reflux occurs when food backs up (refluxes) from a baby's stomach, causing the baby to spit up. Sometimes called gastroesophageal reflux (GER), the condition is rarely serious and becomes less common as a baby gets older. It's unusual for infant reflux to continue after age 18 months.Reflux occurs in healthy infants multiple times a day. As long as your baby is healthy, content and growing well, the reflux is not a cause for concern. Rarely, infant reflux can be a sign of a medical problem, such as an allergy, a blockage in the digestive system or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).

  • Infant reflux

    Reflux medications aren't recommended for children with uncomplicated reflux. These medications can prevent absorption of calcium and iron, and increase the risk of certain intestinal and respiratoryinfections.However, a short-term trial of an acid-blocking medication — such as ranitidine for infants age 1 month to 1 year or omeprazole (Prilosec) for children age 1 year or older.Rarely, the lower esophageal sphincter is surgically tightened to prevent acid from flowing back into the esophagus

  • Infant reflux

    The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) and other components of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) conduct and support basic and clinical research into many digestivedisorders. ​​​This content is provided as a service of the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), part of the National Institutes of Health. The NIDDK translates and disseminates research findings through its clearinghouses and education programs to increase knowledge and understanding about health and disease among patients, health professionals, and the public.

  • Infant reflux

    A total of 312 patients were included in the analysis and 25 (7.5%) infants underwent pyeloplasty. The diagnostic performance for detecting the need for pyeloplasty was excellent for all ultrasonography measurements. The AUC was 0.96 (95% CI 0.92-0.98) for fetal renal pelvic dilatation, 0.97 (95% CI 0.95-0.98) for postnatal renal pelvic dilatation and 0.95 (95% CI 0.92-0.97) for the Society for Fetal Urology grading system. A cutoff of 18 mm for fetal renal pelvic dilatation and a cutoff of 16 mm for postnatal renal pelvic dilatation had the best diagnostic odds ratio to identify infants who needed pyeloplasty.

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