alexa Lyme disease | Brazil | PDF | PPT| Case Reports | Symptoms | Treatment

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Lyme Disease

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  • Lyme disease

    Lyme disease is an underdiagnosed zoonosis in Brazil. Lyme disease is caused by a bacterium transmitted to humans via a tick bite. The CDC (Center for Disease Control) claims that Lyme Borreliosis is the most common and fastest growing infectious illness in the United States. The disease can cause a variety of flu-like symptoms such as fever, achy joints, fatigue and headache.

  • Lyme disease

    Thirty patients with neurological symptoms of BYS were analyzed. Mean age of patients was 34.2 ± 13.3 years old (6 to 63 years); 20 were females and 10 males. A high number of recurrent episodes (73.6%) and severe psychiatric or psycho-social disturbances (20%) were distinguishing features. Erythema migrans similar to those seen in the Northern hemisphere was identified in 43.3% of patients at disease onset. The recurrence of skin lesions diminished as the disease progressed. Articular symptoms (arthritis) happened in nearly half of patients at BYS onset and during relapsing episodes. Mean age of patients was 34.2 ± 13.3 years old (6 to 63 years); 20 were females and 10 males. A high number of recurrent episodes (73.6%) and severe psychiatric or psycho-social disturbances (20%) were distinguishing features. Erythema migrans similar to those seen in the Northern hemisphere was identified in 43.3% of patients at disease onset. The recurrence of skin lesions diminished as the disease progressed. Articular symptoms (arthritis) happened in nearly half of patients at BYS onset and during relapsing episodes.

  • Lyme disease

    Antibiotics are the primary treatment. The specific approach to their use is dependent on the individual affected and the stage of the disease. For most people with early localized infection, oral administration of doxycycline is widely recommended as the first choice, as it is effective against not only Borrelia bacteria but also a variety of other illnesses carried by ticks. Doxycycline is contraindicated in children younger than eight years of age and women who are pregnant or breastfeeding

  • Lyme disease

    The objective of this study was to identify the tick species parasitizing Richardson's ground squirrels (Spermophilus richardsonii) in southern Saskatchewan (Canada). Morphological examination of the adult ticks revealed the presence of three tick species, Ixodes sculptus, Ixodes kingi and Dermacentor andersoni. PCR-based single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) and DNA sequence analyses of a portion of the mitochondrial (mt) 16S rRNA gene were used to determine their species identity. The results showed that each tick species had a unique set of SSCP profiles and DNA sequences using this mt marker. The species identity of larval and nymphal ticks was determined based on a comparison of these profiles and sequences with those of morphologically-identified adults.

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