Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection of the female reproductive organs. It usually occurs when sexually transmitted bacteria spread from your vagina to your uterus, fallopian tubes or ovaries. Many women who develop pelvic inflammatory disease either experience no signs or symptoms or don't seek treatment. Pelvic inflammatory disease may be detected only later when you have trouble getting pregnant or if you develop chronic pelvic pain.
In Brazil the total approximately estimated population is 184,101,109 out of this population 676,842 are extarpolated or suffering from this disease or diagnosed.
Several types of antibiotics can cure PID. Antibiotic treatment does not, however, reverse any scarring caused by the infection. For this reason, it is critical that a woman receive care immediately if she has pelvic pain or other symptoms of PID. Prompt antibiotic treatment can prevent severe damage to the reproductive organs. The longer a woman delays treatment for PID, the more likely she is to become infertile or to have a future ectopic pregnancy because of damage to the fallopian tubes. PID is usually treated with antibiotics to provide empiric, broad spectrum coverage of likely pathogens.
The studies included in the review indicate that fewer than 20 % of the women with Chlamydia trachomatis or Neisseria gonorrhoea in the cervix develop Pelvic inflammatory disease after IUD insertion. However, it is not clear if cases of Pelvic inflammatory disease were observed among women without pre-existing colonisation.