Salmonellosis is an infection caused by Salmonella bacteria. Most people infected with Salmonella develop diarrhea, fever, vomiting, and abdominal cramps 12 to 72 hours after infection. In most cases, the illness lasts four to seven days, and most people recover without treatment. In some cases, the diarrhea may be so severe that the patient becomes dangerously dehydrated and must be hospitalized.
In Southern Brazil, a high prevalence of Salmonella isolation has been found in pigs, pork and pork products. In opposite to that, pork is rarely involved in salmonellosis outbreaks reported in this region. homemade mayonnaise is the most often implicated food in salmonellosis outbreaks, accounting for 42.45% of all identified food vehicles.
The National Salmonella and E. Coli Centres are involved in identifying and typing Salmonella spp. and E. coli from within India and around the world.